Manic depression describes bipolar disorder appropriately. Both these symptoms occur in an individual cyclically. There are different forms of the disorder with some types more severe and others less severe like hypomania. The duration of both the phases can vary as well as the intensity of symptoms during each episode may not always be the same.
Early bipolar disorder assessment can be made at health centers associated with A Mission for Michael centers in Orange County as well as Virginia. Their compassionate staff works personally with every patient in this center and anyone willing to get help can easily reach out to them. They also work to treat co-occurring behaviors that are often observed in patients suffering from bipolar.
Bipolar disorders – Symptoms
The symptoms of bipolar disorders can be categorized as follows and you may or may not develop all these symptoms at once:
1. Emotional and behavioral symptoms: This is the broadest category in which patients experience symptoms while suffering from episodes caused by bipolar disorder. Some of these associated symptoms are:
- An elevated and irritated mood remains the same throughout the week.
- Sudden mood shifts.
- Episodes of excessive anger.
- Rapid and nervous speech.
- Inability to have a good social or even work life.
- Frequent involvement in a risky pleasurable activity like drug abuse, irresponsible sexual behavior, or excessive spending.
- Impulsive behavior.
2. Cognitive symptoms:
- High self-esteem and showing off one’s importance as a part of social behavior.
- Attention and concentration on important tasks remain distracted.
- Difficulty in remembering things.
- Racing thoughts and having multiple ideas at one time.
3. Physical symptoms:
- Appetite may be lost or drastically increase.
- Energy levels also shift suddenly from extreme highs to lows.
- Requirement for sleep decreases.
Bipolar disorder – Risk factors
Your chances of developing bipolar disorder at some point in life increase with these factors:
- Family history of bipolar increases the genetic risk of developing the mental condition.
- Having had pregnancy-related complications or post-partum depression especially associated with multiple pregnancies.
- Irregular circadian rhythm.
- Sexual or physical abuse history in one’s childhood.
- History of post-traumatic stress disorder.
Prevalence of bipolar disorder is seen more in:
- It can be seen in every 1 individual out of 100 with equal prevalence among males and females.
- In both males and females, it increases the burden of diseases and is among the top leading contributor of diseases occurring in the young age group of 15-24 years.
- The symptom onset usually begins in the youth years at which stage misdiagnosis of bipolar is fairly common.
- The diagnosis of bipolar can take at least 10-12 years after symptom onset making the treatment even more difficult.
- Suicide attempts are more common with bipolar when compared to depression.
Treatment of bipolar is aimed at treating the symptoms of its phases with mood stabilizers given during the manic phase. The depressive phase is treated with antidepressants like SSRIs or benzodiazepines. The symptoms need to be closely monitored as the drugs can trigger the occurrence of opposite episodes, which can make management of bipolar very difficult.