How to Design X-Ray Rooms?

Lead-lined drywall, also known as lead-lined sheetrock, is made up of a gypsum board that has been laminated with a lead sheet to offer radiation shielding from any high-level gamma and x-ray radiation.

Design X-Ray Rooms

The lead drywall will be a permanent solution that provides more protection than any semi-permanent or moveable walls in applications that use high-dose radiation for diagnostic imaging.

Lead-lined gypsum board is made out of a single unpierced lead sheet bonded to the drywall of specified thickness.

Dedication to high quality, cost-effective gypsum board drywall includes the following:

  • In the lead-lined drywall products, only fire code lead sheetrock is used.
  • Pure lead is used to cast and roll lead lining in-house.
  • To keep lead sheets secure, use industrial-grade adhesive.

Radiation Protection Products also provides gypsum boards that can meet industry standards, ensuring the best possible radiation shielding. All radiation shielding gypsum board applied in lead-lining products is constructed from high-quality sheet lead and meets or exceeds all requirements.

Design of x-ray rooms

Design X-Ray Rooms

Radiographic chambers should be about 16 square meters in size. There should be enough room to construct a permanent protective enclosure. Fluoroscopic rooms should be about 25 square meters in size.

Doors and walls

  1. Sliding access doors provide superior radiation shielding, and a clearance of 1.5 meters is suggested. Each side should have a 100 mm overlap.
  2. Leadsheet with a thickness of 2 mm should be used to line the doors.
  3. The walls should be made of 230 mm kiln-fired solid clay bricks or 2 mm lead sheet sandwiched between partitions, or 115 mm brick having 6 mm barium plaster.
  4. Up to a 2.2 meters height, walls should be protected.
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Ceiling and floors

  1. X-ray rooms should be located on the bottom floor of a building if possible.
  2. If the x-ray room level is above ground level, a 150 mm thick solid concrete slab with a density of 2.35 g/cm3 is required.
  3. If the space above is occupied, the thickness of ceiling slabs should not be lower than 100 mm.
  4. A ceiling slab is not required in single-story buildings.

Windows and AC units

  1. Windows and air conditioning equipment should be at least 2 meters above ground level. Access near the window, on the other hand, must be effectively blocked.
  2. Upper-floor x-ray room walls can have normal-height windows.

Read also: Juvéderm Ultra XC – What You Need to Know?

Protective cubicle

Design X-Ray Rooms

  1. In the x-ray room, a protective cubicle with space for both the control and the operator should be built.
  2. The cubicle should be positioned so that direct scatter radiation from the table or the upright Bucky does not reach the operator.
  3. The x-ray control should be installed within the cubicle, at least 1.02 meters from any cubicle wall closest open edge to the examination table.
  4. At least one viewing glass should be provided in the cubicle so that the operator may see the patient during the exposure.
  5. The window must be a minimum of 30 cm x 30 cm in size.
  6. The cubicle’s minimum height is 2.2 meters.
  7. The wall/panel, and also the protective glass, should have a lead equivalent of 2 mm that is 230 mm brick/115 mm brick barium plastered or 2 mm lead sheet.
  8. 1.5.8 At least 25 mm of overlap between the lead glass and the protective layer is required.
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